We are home to trillions of microbes

Probiotic mechanisms of action

Probiotics work in a fashion by producing bacteriocins, facilitating competitive inhibition of pathogenic bacteria, inhibiting bacterial adherence, reducing luminal pH, enhancing the intestinal barrier function, and by modulating the immune system.

The history of probiotics

Not all probiotics are the same

Probiotics – even when belonging to the same family or species – have different properties; as siblings: same family but different competencies. Probiotic benefits are strain specific, so any research done within the category applies only to the strains that were studied.